PART 1: INEQUALITY
THE WEALTH OF THE RICHEST 1% OF THE BRITISH POPULATION IS EQUAL TO THE WEALTH OF THE POOREST 55%.
THE 5 RICHEST BRITISH FAMILIES ARE AS WEALTHY AS THE POOREST 20% OF THE BRITISH POPULATION.
* That’s 12.6 million people.
THE WEALTH OF THE RICHEST 1000 PEOPLE IN BRITAIN HAS DOUBLED IN THE PAST TEN YEARS TO £547 BILLION.
* More than a third of the annual economic output of the entire U.K.
BRITAIN HAS 117 BILLIONAIRES, THE MOST PER CAPITA OF ANY COUNTRY IN THE WORLD.
* That’s one for every 547,000 people, more per head of population than any other nation in the G20.
LONDON’S 80 BILLIONAIRES IS THE MOST OF ANY CITY IN THE WORLD.
* With a total wealth of £325 billion, more than the GDP of Ireland or South Africa.
THE £9 TRILLION OF PRIVATE WEALTH IN BRITAIN IS HELD BY JUST 34% OF THE POPULATION.*
* The remaining 66% holds no positive financial assets at all.
THE GAP BETWEEN RICH AND POOR IN BRITAIN IS THE LARGEST IN THE WEST.
* The poorest 40% of the British population share a lower proportion of the national wealth, only 14.6%, than in any other Western country.
THE INCOMES OF THE RICHEST 20% OF THE BRITISH POPULATION IS 105 TIMES HIGHER THAN THE POOREST 20%.
JUST 0.3 PER CENT OF THE BRITISH POPULATION – 160,000 FAMILIES – OWN TWO THIRDS OF THE LAND.
* Making Britain second only to Brazil as the country with the most unequal land distribution in the world.
OVER 1,000,000 PROVISIONS OF THREE DAYS’ EMERGENCY FOOD WERE HANDED OUT AT FOOD BANKS IN BRITAIN OVER THE PAST YEAR.
* Including 415,866 to children.
391 PEOPLE IN THE UK DIED OF MALNUTRITION IN 2015.
THERE HAS BEEN A 71% INCREASE IN HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS FOR PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM MALNUTRITION.
* From 3,900 admissions in 2009-10 to 6,690 admissions in 2013-14.
IN 2013-14 MORE THAN 86,000 HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS INVOLVED PATIENTS DIAGNOSED WITH GOUT CAUSED BY A LACK OF VITAMIN C.
* An increase of 78% in five years.
CASES OF SCARLET FEVER ADMITTED TO HOSPITAL DOUBLED LAST YEAR FROM 403 TO 845.
* With a rise in other illnesses such as scurvy, cholera and whooping cough caused by malnutrition.
BRITAIN HAS THE FIFTH LARGEST ECONOMY IN THE WORLD.
PART 2: HOUSING
THE AVERAGE PRICE OF A HOME IN GREATER LONDON IS NOW OVER HALF A MILLION POUNDS.
* Currently nearly £600,000, and over £970,000 in Central London.
20% OF NEW-BUILD HOMES IN CENTRAL LONDON IN 2014 WERE BOUGHT BY NON-U.K. RESIDENT OWNERS.
61% OF NEW-BUILD HOMES IN GREATER LONDON ARE BOUGHT AS AN INVESTMENT.
50 OVERSEAS INSTITUTIONS WITH £26 BILLION IN FUNDS ARE CURRENTLY LOOKING FOR RESIDENTIAL INVESTMENT IN LONDON AND THE U.K.
PROPERTY WEALTH IN BRITAIN HAS INCREASED BY NEARLY £400 BILLION IN THE TWO YEARS UP TO DECEMBER 2015.
* And the wealth of the richest 10% of UK households has increased by 21%.
THE 80% MARKET RATE ON SO-CALLED ‘AFFORDABLE HOMES’ IN LONDON’S NEW-BUILD HOMES REQUIRES A SALARY OF £44,500.
*The median household income in London is £30,500.
IN 2015, 5,300 TWO-BEDROOM HOMES WERE SOLD IN LONDON FOR BETWEEN £650,000 AND £1 MILLION.
* Compared with only 2,000 for less than £300,000.
THE RATIO BETWEEN HOUSE PRICES AND PERSONAL DISPOSABLE INCOME IN LONDON IS THE HIGHEST IT HAS EVER BEEN.
* Surpassing levels before the sub-prime mortgage crisis of 2007, and on schedule to form a housing bubble by 2017.
PART 3: RENTING
LESS THAN 10,000 HOMES FOR SOCIAL RENT WERE BUILT IN ENGLAND IN 2014-15.
* The lowest number since records began in 1991-92.
THE AVERAGE PRIVATE SECTOR RENTS IN LONDON ARE MORE THAN DOUBLE THE NATIONAL AVERAGE.
* £2,216 per month for a two-bedroom home.
PRIVATE RENTS IN BRITAIN HAVE RISEN TO DOUBLE THE COST OF COUNCIL PROPERTIES.
A QUARTER OF PEOPLE RENTING IN BRITAIN RELY ON HOUSING BENEFIT TO MEET THE COST OF ACCOMMODATION.
IN THE PAST TWO YEARS, ALMOST 59,000 HOUSEHOLDS HAVE HAD THEIR BENEFITS CAPPED TO A MAXIMUM OF £26,000 PER YEAR.
* Nearly half of those households were in London.
A THIRD OF HOMES IN THE PRIVATE RENTED SECTOR DO NOT MEET THE GOVERNMENT’S DECENT HOMES STANDARDS FOR HEALTH, SAFETY AND HABITABILITY.
A THIRD OF PEOPLE LIVING IN POVERTY IN ENGLAND AND WALES LIVE IN PRIVATE RENTED ACCOMMODATION.
* Up a fifth from a decade ago.
OVER THE LAST FIVE YEARS, THE NUMBER OF RENTED HOUSEHOLDS IN ENGLAND AND WALES THAT WERE EVICTED HAS MORE THAN TREBLED.
* To 18,000 households evicted in 2014/15.
OVER THE NEXT QUARTER OF A CENTURY RENTS ARE PREDICTED TO RISE AT TWICE THE RATE OF INCOMES.
* And renters will be twice as likely to live in poverty (i.e. living in a household with less than 60% the median UK income).
40,000 HOMES WERE BUILT IN BRITAIN BY HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS IN 2014-15.
* 5,464 were for social rent, 5,205 were for private sale, and 8,797 were for ‘affordable’ rent, up to 80% of market price.
IN 2015-16, GOVERNMENT FUNDING THROUGH THE HOMES AND COMMUNITIES AGENCY BUILT 602 HOMES FOR SOCIAL RENT.
* In 2009-10 it provided 28,859.
BETWEEN 2012 AND 2015, THE NUMBER OF HOUSING ASSOCIATION HOMES FOR SO-CALLED ‘AFFORDABLE’ RENT ROSE FROM 7,354 TO 123,264.
* With 76,259 converted from homes for social rent.
PART 4: EVICTIONS
THERE WERE 37,839 COURT-ORDERED EVICTIONS IN ENGLAND AND WALES IN 2014/15.
* Four times the 8,034 mortgage repossessions. 19,539 of these evictions were by social landlords.
THERE WERE UP TO 200,000 REVENGE EVICTIONS IN BRITAIN IN 2013.
* In response to tenants complaining about housing standards.
NEARLY 42,000 FAMILIES WERE EVICTED FROM RENTAL ACCOMMODATION IN 2014.*
* The highest number since records began in 2000.
42,226 REPOSSESSION CLAIMS WERE MADE BY LANDLORDS IN THE FIRST THREE MONTHS OF 2015, UP 10% ON THE PREVIOUS QUARTER.*
* 64% of claims were made by social landlords.
A TOTAL OF 42,728 HOUSEHOLDS IN RENTED ACCOMMODATION IN ENGLAND AND WALES WERE EVICTED BY BAILIFFS IN 2015.
*The highest number since records began in 2000, and a 53% increase from five years ago.
IN THE FIRST THREE MONTHS OF 2015, COUNTY COURT BAILIFFS IN ENGLAND AND WALES EVICTED 11,300 FAMILIES.*
* An increase of 8% on the same period last year, and 51% higher than five years ago.
16,500 HOMES WERE REPOSSESSED IN LONDON IN 2014.
* 94% were rented properties repossessed by social or private landlords.
EVICTIONS FOR RENT ARREARS FROM HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS IN BRITAIN INCREASED FROM 7,535 IN 2010 TO 9,425 IN 2015.
IN THE THREE YEARS UP TO APRIL 2015, MORE THAN 50,000 FAMILIES WERE FORCIBLY MOVED OUT OF THEIR LONDON BOROUGH.
PART 5: HOMELESSNESS
1.9 MILLION HOUSEHOLDS ARE CURRENTLY ON HOUSING WAITING LISTS IN BRITAIN.
IN THE LAST FIVE YEARS, THE NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS PLACED IN TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION IN BRITAIN HAS RISEN BY A QUARTER to 61,000.
* Including nearly 88,000 children.
THE NUMBER OF FAMILIES LIVING IN BED AND BREAKFASTS IN BRITAIN HAS MORE THAN TRIPLED IN THE PAST FIVE YEARS.
* From 630 in 2010 to 2,040 in 2015.
280,000 HOUSEHOLDS IN BRITAIN ARE CURRENTLY AT RISK OF HOMELESSNESS.
250,000 HOUSEHOLDS IN LONDON ARE ON HOUSING WAITING LISTS.
240,000 HOUSEHOLDS, WITH 320,000 CHILDREN, ARE LIVING IN OVERCROWDED ACCOMMODATION.
53,343 LONDON HOUSEHOLDS, WITH OVER 90,000 CHILDREN, ARE HOMELESS AND LIVING IN TEMPORARY ACCOMMODATION.
* A 9% annual increase, and 75% of the national total.
592,000 CHILDREN IN LONDON ARE LIVING BELOW THE POVERTY LINE.
* 37 per cent of all children in the capital.
THERE WERE 36,540 BED SPACES FOR SINGLE HOMELESS PEOPLE IN ENGLAND IN 2015.
* 7,115 fewer than in 2010.
THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE SLEEPING ROUGH IN LONDON INCREASED BY 6 PER CENT IN 2015-16 TO AN ESTIMATED 8,096 PEOPLE.
* More than double the 3,673 in 2009-10.
AS OF FEBRUARY 2016, 22,000 HOMES IN LONDON HAVE BEEN LEFT EMPTY FOR MORE THAN SIX MONTHS.*
* More than a third, 8,560, have been empty for over two years; and 1,150 homes have been empty for over a decade (not including the City of Westminster, which withheld figures).
PART 6: HOUSE PRICES
AVERAGE HOUSE PRICE IN LONDON BY BOROUGH
* In November 2015
Kensington & Chelsea: £1,658,563
City of Westminister : £1,385,797
Hammersmith and Fulham: £951,328
City of London: £804,600
Richmond upon Thames: £773,433
Tower Hamlets: £515,588
Kingston upon Thames: £513,695
Waltham Forest: £411,215
Barking and Dagenham: £258,631
THE AVERAGE HOUSE PRICE IN GREATER LONDON IS £597,860.
THE AVERAGE HOUSE PRICE IN CENTRAL LONDON IS £970,892.
PART 7: THE HOUSING AND PLANNING ACT
A £450,000 ‘STARTER HOME’ IN LONDON REQUIRES A SALARY OF £77,000.
* And a deposit of £97,000.
‘STARTER HOMES’ ARE UNAFFORDABLE IN 98% OF THE COUNTRY FOR PEOPLE ON LOW INCOMES.
* And in 58% of the country for those on middle incomes.
40% OF EX-COUNCIL FLATS SOLD THROUGH ‘RIGHT TO BUY’ ARE NOW BEING RENTED OUT MORE EXPENSIVELY BY PRIVATE LANDLORDS.
214,000 HOUSEHOLDS WILL BE AFFECTED BY ‘PAY TO STAY’ ACROSS ENGLAND.
* And in London, most of the 27,000 households affected will be unable either to afford to rent privately or to buy in the same area.
ALMOST 113,000 COUNCIL HOMES IN ENGLAND WILL BE FORCIBLY SOLD AS ‘HIGH VALUE’ HOUSING.
* 78,778 of these homes will be lost from the 20 most affected local authorities, with half of these in Central London.
THE PROPOSED VALUES OVER WHICH ‘HIGH VALUE’ HOMES IN LONDON WILL BE SOLD IS:
* 1-bedroom: £340,000; 2-bedroom: £400,000; 3-bedroom: £490,000; 4-bedroom: £790,000; 5+ bedroom: £1,205,000.
THE PERCENTAGE OF HOMES OVER ‘HIGH VALUE’ THRESHOLDS IN CENTRAL LONDON IS:
* Kensington & Chelsea: 97.1%; Westminster: 76.2%; Hammersmith & Fulham: 50.3%; Camden: 49.8%; Islington: 24%; Southwark: 9.5%; Lambeth: 9.4%.
THE TOTAL NUMBER OF HOMES IN CENTRAL LONDON ABOVE THE ‘HIGH VALUE’ THRESHOLD IS:
* Camden: 7,494; Westminster: 5,830; Kensington & Chelsea: 4,369; Hammersmith & Fulham: 3,951; Southwark: 3,755; Islington: 3,711; Lambeth: 2,337.
IN THE 20 BOROUGHS LIKELY TO BE HARDEST HIT, 159,014 PEOPLE ARE ON COUNCIL HOUSING WAITING LISTS.
* With 22,371 children living in temporary accommodation.
PART 8: WHAT CRISIS?
THERE WAS NO FINANCIAL CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged by the rich.
THERE IS NO HOUSING CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged through housing.
THERE IS NO DEFICIT CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against the poor.
THERE IS NO BENEFITS CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged on the vulnerable.
THERE IS NO ECONOMIC CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against workers.
THERE IS NO N.H.S. CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against the sick.
THERE IS NO EDUCATION CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against students.
THERE IS NO POPULATION CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against immigrants.
THERE IS NO URBAN DENSITY CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged against the inner cities.
THERE IS NO ELECTORAL CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged politically.
THERE IS NO SOCIAL CRISIS –
There is a Class War being waged across society.
And we need to win it . . .
Architects for Social Housing
Illustration by Andrew Cooper
NOTE. I’ve been compiling these statistics over the past year-and-a-half, and I try to keep them updated as often as possible as things grow rapidly worse, but any corrections will be investigated, and any new additions that can be substantiated are welcome. The conclusions I draw from them are my own, but will hopefully be shared, one day, by the millions of people whose homes and lives they describe.